Squash Competition Format
The Commonwealth Games Squash competition is held according to the rules of the World Squash Federation (WSF) and will feature five medal events: Men’s Singles, Women’s Singles, Men’s Doubles, Women’s Doubles and Mixed Doubles.
Men’s and women’s events have the same format and rules. Events are conducted in a knockout format, with the best two players progressing to the gold medal match. Players knocked out in the first round of the main draw are entered into the Plate competition and players knocked out in the first round of the Plate competition are entered in the Consolation Plate competition. Players knocked out in the second round of the main draw are entered into the Classic Plate competition.
Singles events will have a 64 draw except where entries dictate. If there are more than 64 entries there may be an initial round before the round of 64. If there is a round of 64 there will be six rounds of competition and if there is a round of 32 there will be five rounds of competition.
Men’s, women’s and mixed events have the same format and rules. The Doubles competition of up to 32 pairs, involves a pool competition with the winners of each pool progressing to the knockout stages. Depending on entry numbers, each pool will be contested by three, four or five teams and similarly depending on entry numbers, the knock-out stage will consist of two or three rounds.
Field of play
The court is a walled 9.75m x 6.4m rectangle for Singles and a 9.75m x 8.42m rectangle for Doubles. The courts are usually light in colour, and have red ‘out’ and ‘service’ lines and a line near the bottom of the front wall on top of the ‘tin’.
For both Singles events the tin will be set at 17” (43cm), and for all Doubles events it will be set at 13” (33cm).
‘Out’ lines, 2.13m high at the back wall and 4.57m at the front wall, are joined by a side wall line.
The ball must be played so that it does not touch anything above the ‘Out’ lines and must hit the front wall above the tin.
Three referees control the game: a central referee and two side referees. The scores and general calls are made by the central referee, who is also the ‘marker’. When a decision is required, the majority vote of the three referees decides the call.
- Singles matches are the best of five games.
- In Singles, the game is won by the player who first scores 11 points, PAR (point-a-rally scoring), unless the score is ten-all, in which case the first player to score two clear points is the winner.
- Doubles matches are the best of three games.
- In Doubles matches, the game is won by the first team to score 11 points, PAR (point-a-rally scoring). There will be no setting at 10-all (next point decides the game).
- The final positions in a Pool shall be decided taking into account all of the results of that Pool.
- Points can be won by either the server or receiver.
- First service is decided on the spin of a racket and the server serves until he or she loses a point. The opponent then serves until they lose a point
- The player who wins the preceding game serves first in the next game.
- At the beginning of each game and after each change of service, the server chooses from which service-box to serve. While retaining the serve, the server must serve from alternate boxes.
- In Doubles, one player is nominated as the first server for the match. When a team wins a point, the other player continues to serve until the team loses a point. The opposing team then serves until they lose a point.
All players aged under 19 years of age and all players in doubles events are required to wear WSF certified protective eyewear properly over the eyes at all times during practice and match play.
A Squash racket has the following parts: grip, head, shaft and stringed area. It has a maximum weight of 255g. Its length and width must not exceed 686mm and 215mm respectively.
Because of the vigorous nature of the game, players need to wear comfortable and breathable sports clothing and strong indoor (non-marking) sports shoes.
In any given match, both players/pairs must wear distinctly different coloured clothing. The colour must not change during a match. Where colours are similar, the lower placed individual/pair on the draw sheet must change colour. All players must have two distinctly different sets of clothing colours with them. In Doubles matches, a team must be wearing matching clothing.
Double Yellow Dot Squash Ball
The double yellow dot ball is the slowest of the balls used in Squash. It measures 40mm plus or minus 0.5mm in diameter and weighs 24g. It will be used for all Squash contests.
Let: An undecided rally called by the referee as a result of some interference by the opponent. The rally does not count and the server serves again from the same box.
Stroke: A stroke results in a point being awarded to the appealing player and is called by the referees when, in their opinion, interference has occurred that was either deliberate or has denied the player a clear opportunity to win the rally.
PAR: Point-a-rally scoring means points can be won by either the server or receiver.
Not Up: The expression used to indicate that the ball has not been struck in accordance with the rules.
Down: The ball hits the tin or the ball, before being struck, hits a player’s clothes or anything he wears or carries.
Boast: Any shot that hits three walls before bouncing.