Boxing Competition Format
One boxer per nation is permitted to compete in each weight category. The Commonwealth Games competition is a straight knockout format, with the winner of each bout proceeding to the next round. There is no repecharge system. Bronze medals are awarded to the losers of both semi-final bouts.
There are 16 medal events on the Commonwealth Games Boxing programme, 10 for men and six for women. One boxer per nation is permitted to compete in each weight category up to a total of 13 boxers per nation.
There is a random draw for all boxers into the preliminary round. The Commonwealth Games competition is a straight knockout format, with the winner of each bout proceeding to the next round.
Bouts shall consist of three rounds of three minutes each for both men and women.
At the start of a match, athletes are called upon by the referee to the centre of the ring, where they shake hands, then return to their respective corners until the bell is rung to signal commencement of the bout.
A bout can be won by a win on points, if a contest is abandoned, the Referee stops the contest, a boxer is disqualified, by walkover and by knockout.
The scoring system used is based on a “Ten Point Must-System” . At the end of each round, each Judge must determine the winning boxer of that round by awarding a score of ten (10) points and awarding nine (9) or less points – down to seven (7) to the losing boxer, depending on the judgement as to the degree to which the opponent lost every round. Every round must have a declared winner.
Judges must press their scoring pad within fifteen (15) seconds. These scores will be transmitted directly to a computer system managed by the Supervisor, and no alterations or additions will be made to these scores after the initial transmission. The announcement of the scores by the Announcer and on live TV/Streams will be made immediately at the end of the bout, after the approval of the scores by the supervisor.
In the case where the total scores awarded by each judge (including any deductions) are equal at the end of the bout (A Tiebreak), Judges will be requested to nominate which boxer is the winner of the bout in the following cases:
One (1) Judge has even scores and the total scores of the other four (4) Judges are evenly split, or;
Two (2) Judges have even scores and the other three (3) judges do not score unanimously, or;
Three (3) or more Judges have even scores.
Judges consider the number of quality blows on the target area, domination of the bout by technical and tactical superiority and competitiveness.
In the case of a knockout, the athlete who achieves it must withdraw to the neutral corner, while the referee starts counting up to ten. If the athlete fails to get up, then the opponent is proclaimed winner of the bout.
If a boxer is knocked to the ground and gets up they will receive a mandatory eight second count during which the referee decides if the fighter is fit to continue. If the referee decides it is too dangerous for a boxer to continue, the bout shall be stopped and his opponent declared the winner. The referee will then classify the fight RSC – referee stopped contest.
Boxers who do not comply with the regulations and the instructions of the referee can be subjected to a warning. Three warnings lead to a disqualification.
Fouls may include:
- Hitting below the belt
- Holding the opponent
- Hitting the back of the opponent’s head
- Hitting with the use of the head or any other part of the hand apart from the fist
- Hitting the opponent when he is down or during the break
- Insulting behaviour towards the opponent or referee
- Speaking, Ducking, Faking, Simulation.
The ring is an elevated square construction measuring 7.8m squared at a height of 1m, which is enclosed by four rows of ropes and covered by a special flooring. The top rope is 1.3m from the floor of the ring. Two corners, one blue and one red, correspond to the ‘position’ taken by each of the contestants, who wear clothing equivalent to their corner.
Each boxer must wear the same coloured clothing and boxing gloves as their allocated corner, which must conform with the regulations of AIBA.
The gloves must be made of leather, weigh between 284g (10oz) and 340g (12oz) a. Protective bandages are placed on the hands and wrists, followed by the placement of the gloves. This is a procedure which is officially supervised at all international tournaments so as to avoid injuries due to unsuitable glove material or the illegal use of other objects inside them.
Male boxers no longer wear head guards, however women must wear head guards at all times. Boxers must also wear a gum shield and men must wear a cup protector over the groin.
- Standing eight count: A precaution taken by the referee, to allow a boxer to recover after taking heavy blows.
- Southpaw: A left-handed boxer who leads with the right hand.
- Ring apron: The canvas area outside the ropes where the judges and the cornermen sit.
- Throw in the towel: The traditional way to concede defeat; a cornerman will throw a towel into the ring when he feels his boxer cannot continue.